Microbes and Your Well Water: What You Should Know

Microbes and Your Well Water_ What You Should Know

Microbes and Your Well Water: What You Should Know

When supplying water to your home through a well water system, you certainly want to be sure you are taking all of the steps necessary to keep microbes out of your water supply. A specific type of contaminant that can cause problems for your water supply, microbes are often at the root of disease and fermentation. While there are several different microbes that can affect your water supply, here is a look at a few of the most common.

Fecal Coliform and E-Coli

If you water is contaminated by animal or human feces, it may also have fecal coliform or e-coli. Both of these microbes can cause a variety of short-term side effects, including cramps, nausea, headaches and diarrhea. 

Giardia Lamblia

Giardia lamblia is a parasite that gets into the water supply through sewage and animal waste. Typically, the waste gets into rivers and lakes, which then gets into your residential water supply, too. This parasite can cause gastrointestinal illness, which is characterized by cramps, diarrhea and vomiting. Giardia lamblia can survive for long periods of time outside of the body and can be difficult to treat, even with chlorine disinfectants. 


Like giardia lamblia, cryptosporidium enters the water supply via lakes and rivers that have been contaminated by sewage and animal waste. It is also capable of surviving for long periods of time outside of the human body and it is also tolerant of many chlorine disinfectants. Cryptosporidium is responsible for causing a diarrheal disease known as cryptosporidiosis. 

Coliform Bacteria

While coliform bacteria typically is not harmful in itself, the presence of it in your water supply indicates problems with the treatment system or with the pipes that are used to distribute the water. Therefore, if you find it in your water supply, it could be a sign that the water is contaminated with other microbes, too. 

To learn more about these and other microbes, as well as how to get rid of them, contact Pump Service Idaho today!

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